Miriam Schapiro (1923-2015) was born in Toronto, Ontario into a Russian-Jewish family of artists. After receiving her BA,MA, and MFA degrees at the University of Iowa, Schapiro moved from Iowa to Missouri, and New York to California. During the 1970s in Valencia, California, she met and collaborated with feminist artist Judy Chicago, founding the Feminist Art Program at the California Institute of Arts. As Schapiro looked towards traditional women’s crafts, especially textiles, for inspiration, she began to create what she termed “femmages,” a representation of female artisans’ hand sewn work, such as quilting, embroidery, and cross-stitching. Her “femmages,” an integral part of the Pattern and Decoration art movement, challenge the canonical collages of art history, one of her many efforts in advocating a strong women’s art movement. Her works have been featured in the collections of institutions like the National Gallery of Art and the Hirshhorn Museum in Washington, D.C. as well as the Museum of Modern Art, New York, and have been exhibited extensively in colleges and universities across the United States.