Art Spiegelman (b. 1948) has been a cartoonist since he was a teenager. He won the Pulitzer Prize in 1992 for his Holocaust narrative comic book Maus which portrayed Jews as mice and Nazis as cats. Both Maus and the following Maus II, which continued the story of Spiegelman’s parents survival of the Nazi regime, quickly became important and classic pieces of literature. In November of 1992, Spiegelman became a contributing editor and artist for the New Yorker magazine, with his work appearing as many of the magazine’s most affective covers. In 2011, Art Spiegelman won the Grand Prix at the Angoulême International Comics Festival; this honor included a retrospective exhibition of his artwork which was shown at the Pompidou Center, the Ludwig Museum in Cologne, the Vancouver Art Gallery, the Jewish Museum in New York City, and the AGO Art Gallery of Ontario. In 2018 Art Spiegelman received the Edward McDowell Medal, the first-ever time this award was given in comic art.