Sam Gilliam (American, b. 1933) was born in Tupelo, Mississippi. Since the early sixties, Sam Gilliam has been recognized as an original and innovative color field painter. He has advanced the inventions associated with the Washington Color School and Abstract Expressionism to a new level. Gilliam has redefined the techniques of these traditions and he continues to reinvent his ideas about making art. One of the most important African-American artists of the twentieth century, Gilliam was the subject of a 1983 retrospective exhibition at the Corcoran Gallery in Washington D.C., Modern Painter at the Corcoran : Sam Gilliam. His works can be seen in such collections as the Art Institute of Chicago; the Beymans Museum in Rotterdam; the Phillips Collection; the Corcoran Museum; the Hirshhorn Museum; the National Museum of American Art; the Metropolitan Museum, New York; The Museum of Modern Art, New York; the Tate Gallery, London; the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis; the Chazen Museum of Art; and the Musee d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris among many others.